University of California, Irvine Medical Center





408 Invited lectures (49 states, 14 Countries)


Journal Articles, Peer-Reviewed:

20. Kahn A, Kahn, AL, Fox JC, Langdorf, MI, “Subchorionic Hemorrhage Appearing as Twin Gestation on Endovaginal Ultrasound, “Western Journal of Emergency Medicine, 9(2):115-7, 2008

21. Fox JC, Irwin Z: “Emergency and Critical Care Imaging” (2008), Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America. V26:787-812
22. Doniger SJ, Ishimine P, Fox JC, Kanegaye J, “Randomized Controlled Trial of Ultrasound-Guided Peripheral Intravenous Catheter Placement Versus Traditional Techniques in Difficult-Access Pediatric Patients”, Pediatric Emergency Care. Volume 25, Number 3, March 2009

23. Summers S, Habicht M, Fox JC, Niknafs N, “Adult Colo-colonic Intussusception Incidently Detected by Emergency Bedside Gallbladder Sonography”, Journal of Emergency Medicine, Vol X, No X, 2010

24. Smith CJ, Fox JC, Lotfipour SH: “CD-ROM Review of EM ultrasound. Fundamentals for emergency and acute care physicians”. Journal of Emergency Medicine. Vol 38 No 1, pp106-107; 2010.

25. Summers S, Scruggs W, Menchine M, Lahham S, Anderson C, Amr O, Lotfipour S, Cusick S, Fox JC: “A Prospective Evaluation of Emergency Department Bedside Ultrasonography for the Detection of Acute Cholecystitis”, Annals of Emergency Medicine. 2010 Aug;56(2):123-5

26. Noble V, Blaivas M, Blankenship R, Chiricolo G, Dean A, Fox J, Gaspari R, Hoffman B, Jones R, Moore C, Sierzenski P, Tayal V, Tillotson R: “Decision Rule for Imaging Utilization in Blunt Abdominal Trauma – Where is Ultrasound?”, Annals of Emergency Medicine. Vol 55, No 5, 2010

27. Ibrahim D, Patel N, Gupta M, Fox J, Lotfipour S: “Ileocecal Intussusception in the Adult Population: Case Series of Two Patients”, Western Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2010;197-200.

28. Lotfipour S, Patel B, Grotsky T, Anderson CL, Carr E, Ahmed S, Chakravarthy B, Fox JC, Vaca F: “Comparison of the Visual Function Index to the Snellen Visual Acuity Test in Predicting Older Adult Self-Restricted Driving”, Traffic Injury Prevention. 2010 Oct11(5):503-7.

29. Fox JC, Anderson CL, Ahmed S, McDonough J, Wiechmann W, Waters M, Barajas G, Lotfipour S: “Effect of a Medical Student Emergency Ultrasound Clerkship on Number of Emergency Department Ultrasounds”, Western Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2010; 11:31-34.

30. Cardena R, Fox J, Chakravarthy B, Lotfipour, S: “A Practical Guide for Medical Students in Spain Interested in Emergency Medicine”, Emergencias. Jan 2011

31. Lahham S, Tu K, Ni M, Lotfipour S, Anderson C, Fox JC, “Comparison of Pressures Applied by Digital Tourniquets in the Emergency Department”, Western Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2011;12(2):242-249.

32. Fox JC, Boysen M, Gharahbaghian L, Cusick S, Ahmed SS, Anderson CL, Lekawa M, Langdorf MI. "Test Characteristics of Focused Assessment of Sonography for Trauma (FAST) for Clinically Significant Abdominal Free Fluid in Pediatric Blunt Abdominal Trauma" Academic Emergency Medicine, 2011:May;18(5):477-82

33. Fox JC, Bertoglio KC. “Emergency Physician-Performed Ultrasound for DVT Evaluation”. Thrombosis, 2011:938709. Epub 2011 Mar 6.

34. Fox JC, Richardson A, Lopez S, Solley M, Lotfipour S. “The Implications and Approach to Incidental Findings in Live Ultrasound Models”. Western Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2011;12(4):472-474.

35. Lotfipour S, Sayegh R, Chakravarthy B, Hoonpongsimanont W, Anderson CL, Fox JC, Vaca FE. “Fatality and Injury of Older Adult Motor Vehicle Collisions in Orange County, California, 1998-2007”, Western Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2013 Feb

36. Lotfipour S, Cisneros V, Chakravarthy B, Barrios C, Anderson C, Fox JC, Roumani S, Hoonpongsimanont W, Vaca F. “Assessment of readiness to change and relationship to AUDIT score in a trauma population utilizing computerized alcohol screening and brief intervention”. Substance Abuse, 2012:Jan

37. Aichinger G, Zechner P, Prause G, Sacherer F, Wildner G, Anderson C, Pocivalnik M, Wiesspeiner U, Fox JC. “Cardiac Movement Identified on Prehospital Echocardiography Predicts Outcome in Cardiac Arrest Patients”. Prehospital Emergency Care, 2012 April/June

38. Chin E, Chan C, Mortazavi R, Anderson C, Kahn C, Summers S, Fox JC. “A Pilot Study Examining the Viability of a Prehospital Assessment with UltraSound for Emergencies (PAUSE) Protocol. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2012 May

39. Fox JC, Chiem AT, Rooney KP, Maldonado G. “Web-based Lectures, Peer Instruction and Ultrasound-integrated Medical Education”, Medical Education, 2012; 46: 1099-1110

40. American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine. AIUM practice guideline for the performance of a focused reproductive endocrinology and infertility scan. J Ultrasound Med 2012; 31: 1865–1874.

41. American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine. AIUM practice guideline for the performance of a transcranial Doppler ultrasound examination for adults and children. J Ultrasound Med 2012; 31: 1489–1500.
42. American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine. AIUM practice guideline for the performance of a musculoskeletal ultrasound examination. J Ultrasound Med 2012; 31: 1473–1488.
43. Becker B, Chin E, Mervis E, Anderson CL, Oshita M, Fox JC. “Emergency Biliary Sonography: Utility of Common Bile Duct Measurement in the Diagnosis of Cholecystitis and Choledocholithiasis”, The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2013 March

44. American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine. AIUM practice guideline for the
 performance of obstetric ultrasound examinations. J Ultrasound Med 2013; 32: 1083–1101. doi:10.7863/ultra.32.6.1083
45. American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine. AIUM practice guideline for the performance of native renal artery duplex sonography. J Ultrasound Med 2013; 32: 1331–1340. doi:10.7863/ultra.32.7. 1331
46. American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine. AIUM practice guideline for the performance of a
thyroid and parathyroid ultrasound examination. J Ultrasound Med 2013; 32: 1319–1329. doi:10.7863/ultra.32.7. 1319
47. American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine. AIUM practice guideline for the performance of an ultrasound examination
for detection and assessment of developmental dysplasia of the hip. J Ultrasound Med 2013; 32: 1307–1317. doi:10.7863/ultra.32.7. 1307
48. American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine. AIUM practice guideline for the
performance of fetal echocardiography. J Ultrasound Med 2013; 32: 1067–1082. doi:10.7863/ultra.32.6.1067
49. Cotter JA, Yu A, Kreitenberg A, Haddad FH, Baker MJ, Fox JC, Adams GR. “Suction-modified needle biopsy technique for the human soleus muscle”, Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine. 2013 October; 84(10):1066-73.
50. Doubilet P, Benson C, Bourne T, Blaivas M, Barnhart K, Brown D, Filly R, Fox JC, Goldstein S, Kendall J, Lyons E, Porter M, Pretorius D, Timor-Trisch E. “Diagnostic Criteria for Nonviable Pregnancy Early in the First Trimester”, The New England Journal of Medicine, 2013 October 10.

51. Fox JC, Marino H, Fischetti C. “Differential Diagnosis of Cardiovascular Symptoms
Setting the Expectations for the Ultrasound Examination and Medical Education”, Global Heart, 2013 December. Vol8(4); 289-292
52. Steller, J, Russell, B, Lotfipour S, Maldonado G, Siepel T, Jakle H, Hata S, Chiem A, Fox JC. “Incorporation of Bedside Ultrasound into the Standard Physical Exam: Feasibility Study of the Ultrasound Screening Exam for Underlying Lesions”, WestJEM, 2014 January 9.
53. Farukhi S, Fox JC. “The Role of Ultrasound in the Management and Diagnosis of Infectious Mononucleosis”, Critical Ultrasound Journal, 2014 February
54. Frumin E, Schlang J, Wiechmann W, Hata S, Rosen S, Anderson C, Pare L, Rosen M, Fox JC. “Prospective Analysis of Single Operator Sonographic Optic Nerve Sheath Diameter Measurement for Diagnosis of Elevated Intracranial Pressure”, WestJem, 2014 March
55. Fox JC, Schlang JR, Maldonado G, Lotfipour S, Clayman RV. “Proactive Medicine: The UCI 30, an Ultrasound-Based Clinical Initiative From the University of California, Irvine”, Academic Medicine, 2014 July.
56. AIUM Practice Guideline for the Performance of the Focused Assessment With Sonography for Trauma (FAST) Examination. Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine. 2014, November. 

57. Chiem A, Chan C, Ibrahim D, Anderson C, Wu D, Gilani C, Mancia Z, Fox JC. “Pelvic Ultrasonography and Length of Stay in the ED: An Observational Study”, American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2014 December
58. Connolly K, Beier L, Langdorf M, Anderson C, Fox JC, “UltraFest: A Novel Approach to Ultrasound in Medical Education Leads to Improvement in Written and Clinical Examinations”, Western Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2014 December.
59. Zha Y, Zhou M, Hari A, Jacobsen B, Mitragotri N, Rivas B, Ventura G, Boughton J, Fox JC, “Ultrasound Diagnosis of Malaria: Examination of the Spleen, Liver, and Optic Nerve Sheath Diameter”. World Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2015 January.
60. Winn S, McKeown P, Lotfipour S, Maguire G, Youm J, Wiechmann W, Fox JC, “Remote, Synchronous, Hands-on Ultrasound Education”, Telemedicine and e-Health, 2015 July.
61. Ramsingh D, Fox JC, Wilson W, “Perioperative Point-of-Care Ultrasonography: An Emergency Technology to be Embraced by Anesthesiologists”, Anesthesia Analgesia, 2015.
62. Khalsa B, Lall C, Houshyar R, Fox JC, “40-year old female with menorrhagia and abdominal pain: A case of metastatic gestational trophoblastic neoplasia”, Radiology Case Reports, 2015 January.

63. Turner E, Fox JC, Rosen M, Allen A, Rosen S, Anderson C, Implementation and Assessment of a Curriculum for Bedside Ultrasound Training”, Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine, 2015 May.

64. Lane N, Lahham S, Joseph L, Bahner DP, Fox JC, “Ultrasound in medical education: listening to the echoes of the past to shape a vision for the future”, European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery, 2015 May

65. Villar J, Summers SM, Menchine M, Fox JC, Wang R, “The Absence of Gallstones on Point-of-Care Ultrasound Rules Out Acute Cholecystitis”, Journal of Emergency Medicine 2015 July

66. Miner B, Purdy A, Curtis L, Simonson K, Shumway C, Baker J, Vaughan J, Percival K, Sanchez O, Lahham S, Joseph L, Fox JC, “Feasibility study of first-year medical students identifying cardiac anatomy using ultrasound in rural Panama”, World Journal of Emergency Medicine, Vol 6, No 3. 2015

67. Barsky M, Kushner L, Ansbro M, Bowman K, Sassounian M, Gustafson K, Lahham S, Joseph L, Fox JC, “A feasibility study to determine if minimally trained medical students can identify markers of chronic parasitic infection using bedside ultrasound in rural Tanzania”, World Journal of Emergency Medicine, Vol 6, No 4. 2015

68. Rezayat T, Stowell J, Kendall JL, Turner E, Fox JC, Barjaktarevic I, “Ultrasound-Guided Cannulation: Time to Bring Subclavian Central Lines Back”, Western Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 March

69. Dinh VA, Fu JY, Lu S, Chiem A, Fox JC, Blaivas M, “Integration of Ultrasound in Medical Education at United States Medical Schools: A National Survey of Directors’ Experiences”, Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine 2016; 35:413-419

70. Chiem A, Soucy Z, Dinh V, Chilstrom M, Gharahbaghaian L, Shah V, Medak A, Nagdev A, Jang T, Stark E, Hussain A, Lobo V, Pera A, Fox JC, “Integration of Ultrasound in Undergraduate Medical Education at the California Medical Schools - A Discussion of Common Challenges and Strategies From the UMeCali Experience”, Journal of Ultrasound Medicine 2016; 35:e1–e13

71. Rooney KP, Lahham S, Lahham S, Anderson C, Bedsoe B, Soane B, Joseph L, Osborn M, Fox JC, “Pre-hospital assessment with ultrasound in emergencies: implementation in the field”, World Journal of Emergency Medicine; Vol 7, No 2. 2016

72. Boysen M, Mattson J, Yanuck J, Anderson C, Fox JC, Harris IB, “Ranking Practice Variability in the Medical Student Performance Evaluation: So Bad, It’s “Good”, Academic Medicine 2016 (in press)

73. Lahham S, Becker B, Chiem A, Joseph L, Anderson CL, Wilson SP, Subeh M, Trinh A, Viquez E, Fox JC, “Pilot Study to Determine Accuracy of Posterior Approach Ultrasound for Shoulder Dislocation
by Novice Sonographers”, Western Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 (in press)

74. Silva JP, Plescia T, Molina N, Tonelli AC, Langdorf MI, Fox JC, “Randomized study of effectiveness of computerized ultrasound simulators for an introductory course for residents in Brazil”, Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions 2016, 13:16

75. Lahham S, Schmalbach P, Wilson S, Ludeman L, Subeh M, Chao J, Albadawi N, Mohammadi N, Fox JC, “Prospective evaluation of point-of-care ultrasound for pre-procedure identification of landmarks versus traditional palpation for lumbar puncture”, World Journal of Emergency Medicine; Vol 7, No 2. 2016

76. Jacobsen B, Lahham S, Lahham S, Patel A, Spann S, Fox JC, “Retrospective Review of Ocular Point-of-Care Ultrasound for Detection of Retinal Detachment”, Western Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 March

77. Wilson S, Connolly K, Lahham S, Subeh M, Fischetti C, Chiem A, Aspen A, Anderson C, Fox JC, “Point-of-care ultrasound versus radiology department pelvic ultrasound on emergency department length of stay”, World Journal of Emergency Medicine; vol 7, No 3. 2016

78. Lahham S, Tsai L, Wilson S, Assaf S, Navarro R, Banimahd F, Subeh M, Barton E, Barbera A, Fox JC, “Thrombosis of Inferior Vena Cava Diagnosed using Point-of-Care Ultrasound After Pediatric Near-Syncope”; Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2016

79. Lahham S, Wilson S, Subeh M, Butterfield M, Albakri Abdelhafez, Bashir R, Fox JC, “Ultrasound-guided Central Venous Access: Which Probe is Preferred for Viewing the Subclavian Vein using a Supraclavicular Approach?”; American Journal of Emergency Medicine. Vol 34 (2016) 1761-1764.

80. Wilson S, Assaf S, Lahham S, Subeh M, Chiem A, Anderson C, Shwe S, Nguyen R, Fox JC, “Simplified point-of-care ultrasound protocol to confirm central venous catheter placement: a prospective study”; Western Journal of Emergency Medicine. Vol 8. No1, January 2017.

81. Fox JC, Lahham S, Maldonado G, Klaus S, Aish B, Sylwanowicz L, Yanuck J, Wilson S, Shieh M, Anderson CL, English C, Mayer R, Mohan U “Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy in Young Althletes: Successful Screening with Point-of-Care Ultrasound by Medical Students”; Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine. 2017

82. Wilson SP, Mefford JM, Lahham S, Lotfipour S, Subeh M, Maldonado G, Spann S, Fox JC
“Implementation of a 4-Year Point-of- Care Ultrasound Curriculum in a Liaison Committee on Medical Education Accredited US Medical School”; Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine. 2017

83. Brinley A, Alvarado M, Fox JC “Bedside Echocardiography for Rapid Diagnosis of Malignant Cardiac Tamponade”; Journal of Education and Technology in Emergency Medicine. 2017

84. Denny S, Minteer W, Fenning R, Aggarwal S, Lee D, Raja S, Raman K, Farfel A, Patel P, Lieber M, Bernstein M, Lahham S, Fox JC “Ultrasound curriculum taught by first-year medical students: A four-year experience in Tanzania”; World J Emerg Med. 2017

85. Ghosh N, Kruse D, Subeh M, Lahham S, Fox JC “Comparing Point-of-care-ultrasound (POCUS) to MRI for the Diagnosis of Medial Compartment Knee Injuries”; Journal of Medical Ultrasound. 2017

86. Lahham S, Smith T, Baker J, Purdy A, Frumin E, Winner B, Wilson S, Gari A, Fox JC “Procedural simulation: medical student preference and value of three task trainers for ultrasound guided regional anesthesia”; World J Emerg Med. 2017

87. Lee J, Tse C, Keown T, Louthan M, Gabriel C, Anshus A, Hasjim B, Lee K, Kim E, Yu L, Yu A, Lahham S, Bunch S, Alvarado M, Gari A, Fox JC “Evaluation of a point of care ultrasound curriculum for Indonesian physicians taught by first year medical students”; World J Emerg Med. 2017

88. Lahham S, Becker B, Gari A, Bunch S, Alvarado M, Anderson C, Viquez E, Spann S, Fox JC “Utility of common bile duct measurement in emergency