University of Florida



1. Patel SS, Nickels L, Stead L, Flach FE (2012). Assessment of Interest and Confidence in Ultrasonography Skills Amongst Emergency Medicine Residents. Ann Emerg Med. 2012;60(4):S109
2. Nickels LC, Flach FE, Light JK, Du Y, Stead LG. Predictors of Ovarian Torsion Outcome: Age Matters! Acad Emerg Med. 2011;18:S228
3. Nickels LC, Leech SJ, Cassidy DL, Briscoe J, Papa L, Sawyer S, O’Brien J, Gutovitz S, Wu T. (2008). A Randomized Controlled Trial of an Ultrasound Mannequin Versus a Live Model in Teaching Endovaginal Ultrasound to Emergency Physicians. Acad Emerg Med. 2008;15(5):S69