University of Arizona

Research

Abstracts

Richard Amini, Jeffrey Kartchner, Arun Nagdev, and Srikar Adhikari. Ultrasound-Guided Nerve Blocks in Emergency Medicine Practice. Acad Emerg Med. 2015;22(5)(suppl 1):S110.

Michael R. Minckler, Anthony R. Cappa, Lori A. Stolz, Uwe Stolz, Ryan Wyatt, Richard Amini, Srikar Adhikari. What Is The Learning Curve For Long-axis (In-plane) Ultrasound-guided Peripheral Intravenous Catheter Placement? Acad Emerg Med. 2015;22(5)(suppl 1):S45.

Richard Amini, Lori A. Stolz, Matthew Thompson, Nicholas Stea, Nicolaus Hawbaker, Jeffrey Z. Kartchner, Raj Joshi, Albert Fiorello, and Srikar Adhikari. Ultrasound-Based Algorithm as an Educational and Competency Assessment Tool for Emergency Medicine Residents. Acad Emerg Med. 2015;22(5)(suppl 1):S343.

REASON Investigators. Sonography in Cardiac Arrest: Real-time Assessment and Evaluation with Sonography – Outcomes Network (REASON). Acad Emerg Med. 2015;22(5)(suppl 1):S40.

Nicola Baker, Uwe Stolz, and Srikar Adhikari. Can Emergency Physicians Accurately Distinguish Retinal Detachment from Posterior Vitreous Detachment with Point-of-Care Ocular Ultrasound? Acad Emerg Med. 2015;22(5)(suppl 1):S358.

Stephen Leech, J. Matthew Fields, Srikar Adhikari. Live Online Interactive Free Open Access Journal Club For Emergency Ultrasound Fellowship Programs. Acad Emerg Med. 2015;22(5)(suppl 1):S444.


KM O’Brien, LA Stolz, S Adhikari. FAST Examination: Re-Examining the Significance of the Left Upper Quadrant View . J Ultrasound Med 2014;33 (suppl):S101

Richard Amini, Ashish Panchal, David Bahner, Srikar Adhikari. Point of care ultrasound in the diagnosis and management of sub-massive pulmonary embolism in the emergency department. J Ultrasound Med 2014;33 (suppl):S103

S. Adhikari, T. Jones. Can point-of-care ultrasound identify patients who need emergency percutaneous coronary intervention? Annals of Emergency Medicine,2014; Vol. 64, Issue 4, S26.

R. Amini, S. Adhikari, L. Stolz, K. Gaskin, N. Baker, A. Sanders. Evaluation of Hypotension: A Theme-Based Approach to Teaching Point-of-Care Ultrasound to Medical Students. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 2014; Vol. 64, Issue 4, S113–S114

L.A. Stolz, J.M. Mosier, A.M. Gross, M.J.K. Douglas, M. Blaivas, S. Adhikari. Can Emergency Physicians Obtain Measurements Of Common Carotid Doppler Flow To Assess Volume Responsiveness? Annals of Emergency Medicine, 2014; Vol. 64, Issue 4, S125–S126.

Srikar Adhikari, Isaac Farell. How accurate is ultrasound in Diagnosing pneumonia? A Meta-analysis. Acad Emerg Med. 2014 ;21(5):S325.

Srikar Adhikari, Daniel Theodoro, Christopher Raio, Mathew Nelson, Matthew Lyon, Saadia Akhtar. Central venous catheterization: Are we using ultrasound guidance? Acad Emerg Med. 2014 ;21(5):S325.

Srikar Adhikari, Albert Fiorello. Sonoindex: A novel method to assess emergency ultrasound proficiency. Acad Emerg Med. 2014 ;21(5):S337.

Stephen Leech, Jason Nomura, Resa Lewiss, Srikar Adhikari, Rajesh Geria, Jillian Davison, Robert Huang. SonoRoundtable - A Live Interactive Online Academic Educational Series For Ultrasound Fellowships. Acad Emerg Med. 2014 ;21(5):S335.

Richard Amini, Lori Stolz, Srikar Adhikari. Sonographic Measurement of Optic Nerve Sheath Diameter: Is Coronal Technique Superior? Acad Emerg Med. 2014 ;21(5):S95.

Srikar Adhikari, Albert Fiorello. Emergency Ultrasound fellowship training: A novel team based approach. Ann Emerg Med 2013;62(4):S80.

Srikar Adhikari, Albert Fiorello, Lori Stolz, MD, Richard Amini, Austin Gross, Kathleen O'Brien, Jarrod Mosier, Michael Blaivas. Can emergency physicians accurately identify complex abnormalities on point-of-care echocardiogram? Ann Emerg Med 2013;62(4):S78.

Richard Amini, Srikar Adhikari, Lori Stolz, Kathleen O'Brien, Austin Gross, Ashish Panchal, Brian Drummond, Kevin Reilly, Lisa Chan, Art Sanders. Theme-based ultrasound education: A novel approach to teaching point-of-care ultrasound to medical students. Ann Emerg Med 2013;62(4):S136.

Lori Stolz, Matt Thompson, Nicolas Hawbaker, Srikar Adhikari. Does this patient have pericardial effusion? Ann Emerg Med 2013;62(4):S86.

Srikar Adhikari, Richard Amini, Isaac J. Farrell. Bedside ultrasound in the diagnosis of subcutaneous abscess requiring incision and drainage. Acad Emerg Med. 2013;20(5)(suppl 1):S213.

Richard Amini, Matthew Kostura, Srikar Adhikari, Isaac Farrell. Bedside ultrasonography in the diagnosis of symptomatic nephrolithiasis. Acad Emerg Med. 2013;20(5)(suppl 1):S259.

Richard Amini, Lori Stolz, Srikar Adhikari. A novel clear ballistics gel phantom for ultrasound training. Acad Emerg Med. 2013;20(5)(suppl 1):S347.

Richard Amini, Srikar Adhikari, Albert Fiorello. Ultrasound Competency assessment in emergency medicine residency programs. Acad Emerg Med. 2013;20(5)(suppl 1):S86.

Lori Stolz, Kathleen O’Brien, Austin Gross, Srikar Adhikari, Michael Blaivas. Analysis of lawsuits involving emergency physician performed point-of-care ultrasound. Acad Emerg Med. 2013;20(5)(suppl 1):S259.

Lori Stolz, Uwe Stolz, Isaac Farrell, Srikar Adhikari. Ultrasound-guided Peripheral IV Access: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Acad Emerg Med. 2013;20(5)(suppl 1):S260.

Lori Stolz, Matthew Thompson, Nicolaus Hawbaker, Srikar Adhikari. Can emergency physicians accurately diagnose pericardial effusion on point-of-care ultrasound? Acad Emerg Med. 2013;20(5)(suppl 1):S67.

Isaac J. Farrell, Srikar Adhikari, Richard Amini, Nicolaus Hawbaker. Bedside echocardiography in cardiac arrest, predicting return of spontaneous circulation: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Acad Emerg Med. 2013;20(5)(suppl 1):S255.

Anna Waterbrook, Srikar Adhikari, Amish Shah, Elisabeth Jannicky, Austin Gross, Uwe Stolz. Sonographic inferior vena cava measurements to assess hydration status in football athletes during preseason camp. Acad Emerg Med. 2013;20(5)(suppl 1):S11.

Jarrod Mosier, Lori Stolz, Albert Fiorello, John Bloom, Srikar Adhikari. A collaborative approach to a novel, goal directed echocardiography training for emergency medicine and critical care physicians for management of patients in shock. Acad Emerg Med. 2013;20(5)(suppl 1):S350.

Isaac J. Farrell, Richard Amini, Srikar Adhikari, Jordan Singleton. The diagnostic accuracy of bedside echocardiography in the emergency department patient with suspected acute coronary syndrome. Acad Emerg Med. 2013;20(5)(suppl 1):S214.

Gross A, Adhikari S. Point-of-Care Ultrasound in the Diagnosis of Complex Subcutaneous Abscesses Requiring Surgical Intervention. J Ultrasound Med 2013;32(suppl):S120.

Adhikari S, Shirazi M, Gross A. Utility of Point-of-care Ultrasound in the Management of Snake Bite. J Ultrasound Med 2013;32(suppl):S112.

S. Adhikari, I. Farrell, U. Stolz. How Accurate Is Ultrasonography in Confirming Endotracheal Tube Placement? A Meta-analysis. Ann Emerg Med 2012;60(4):S18.

S. Adhikari, A. Fiorello, L. Stolz, T. Jones. High Frequency Transducers for Point-of-Care Ultrasonography Applications: What Is the Optimal Frequency Range? Ann Emerg Med 2012;60(4):S16-S17.

T. Jones, S. Adhikari, U. Stolz. What Is the Ideal Site for Ultrasonography-Guided Saphenous Vein Cannulation in Adults? Ann Emerg Med 2012;60(4):S81.

Adhikari S, Fiorello A. Introduction of symptom-based Point-Of-Care Ultrasound lecture curriculum into an emergency medicine residency: A novel approach. Acad Emerg Med 2012;19(4):S395-396.

Adhikari S, Zeger W, Lomneth C. A human cadaver training model for ultrasound diagnosis of pneumothorax. Acad Emerg Med 2012;19(4):S396.

Adhikari S, Baker N, Amini R, Woolridge D. Point-of-care Ultrasound diagnosis of an ovarian inguinal hernia in the Emergency Department. J Ultrasound Med 2012;31(4):S121.

Adhikari S, Zeger W, Schmier C, Crum T, Craven I, Frrokaj I, Shostrom V. Utility of bedside ultrasound as airway assessment tool in patients receiving procedural sedation. Ann Emerg Med 2011;58(4):S230.

Adhikari S, Schmier C. Point-of-care ultrasound in the diagnosis of perirectal abscess. J Ultrasound Med 2011;30(3):S108.

Crum T, Adhikari S, Blaivas M, Lander L. Do echo-enhanced needles make a difference in ultrasound guided vascular access? Acad Emerg Med. 2011;5(1):S173.

Adhikari S, Zeger W, Schmier C, Crum T, Craven I, Frrokaj I, Shostrom V. Feasibility of performing bedside ultrasonography to assess a difficult airway. Ann Emerg Med. 2010;56(3):S76.

Adhikari S, Zeger W, Frrokaj I. Isolated calf vein thrombosis: Implications for emergency physician-performed compression ultrasonography. Ann Emerg Med. 2010;56(3):S116.

S. Adhikari, M. Blaivas, I. Frrokaj, V. Shostrom. Emergency ultrasonography: From abstract to publication. Ann Emerg Med. 2010;56(3):S80.

Adhikari S, Schmier C, Marx J, Barnason S. Focused ultrasound simulation training: An assessment of emergency medicine nurses' confidence, comfort level and competency in performing us guided vascular access. Acad Emerg Med. 2010;17(5):S119.

Adhikari S, Zeger W, Schmier C, Crum T, Craven I, Frrokaj I, Pang H. Utility of bedside ultrasound in the prediction of difficult airway. Acad Emerg Med. 2010;17(5)S:194.

Adhikari S, Zeger W, Frrokaj I. Prevalence of clinically relevant non-thrombotic findings on lower extremity venous duplex ultrasound examination: Implications for bedside compression ultrasonography. Acad Emerg Med. 2010;17(5):S145.

Brown B, Adhikari S, Marx J, Todd G. Focused ultrasound didactics: medical students' perceptions of ultrasound based education. Acad Emerg Med. 2010;17(5):S11.

Adhikari S, Zeger W, Frrokaj I. Isolated superficial and deep femoral vein thrombosis:implications for 2-point compression ultrasonography. J Ultrasound Med. 2010;29(3):S30.

S. Adhikari, W. Zeger, I. Frrokaj, M. Blaivas. Thromboembolic events during venous compression ultrasound of the lower extremity in patients with deep venous thrombosis. Ann Emerg Med. 2009;54(3):S103.

S. Adhikari, D. Morrison, W. Zeger, D. Chandwani, A. Krueger. Utility of bedside biliary ultrasound in the evaluation of emergency department patients with isolated epigastric pain. Ann Emerg Med. 2009;54(3):S89.

Adhikari S, Zeger W, Lomneth C. Focused thoracic ultrasound training with cadaver simulation: An assessment of emergency medicine residents' confidence and comfort level in identifying a pneumothorax. Acad Emerg Med. 2009;16(4):S39.

Daugharthy J, Leech S, Papa L, Nickels C, Nomura J, Adhikari S. Emergency physicians accurately identify regional wall motion abnormalities on echocardiography. Acad Emerg Med. 2009;16(4):S25.

S. Adhikari, M. Blaivas. Comparison of bedside ultrasound and panorex radiography in the diagnosis of a dental abscess in the emergency department. J Ultrasound Med. 2009;28(3):S51.

Adhikari S. Emergency medicine residents’ attitudes regarding ultrasound guided central venous catheterization. J Ultrasound Med. 2009;28(3):S58.

Adhikari S. Emergency medicine residents’ perceptions of ultrasound education. Ann Emerg Med. 2008;52(4):S150-151.

Adhikari S, Blaivas M. Utility of bedside ultrasound to distinguish soft tissue abnormalities from joint effusions in emergency department. Ann Emerg Med. 2008;52(4):S168.

Blaivas M, Adhikari S, Lyon M, Shiver S. Transfer of real-time ultrasound video of FAST examinations from victims at a disaster scene via a commercially available video cell phone. Ann Emerg Med. 2008;52(4):S126-127.

Shiver SA, Lyon M, Adhikari S, Blaivas M. Lower extremity deep venous thrombosis in emergency department patients undergoing workup for pulmonary embolism Ann Emerg Med. 2008;52(4):S135.

K.R. Fluman, D.L. Theodoro, S. Adhikari. Emergency physician attitudes regarding Ultrasound-guided central venous cannulation. Ann Emerg Med. 2008;51(4):545.

Adhikari S, Zeger W, Lomneth C, Meza J. Focused training of emergency medicine residents in bedside thoracic ultrasound:Assessment for pneumothorax. J Ultrasound Med. 2008;27(3):S86-87.

Blaivas M, Adhikari S, Lyon M, Shiver S. Correlation between emergency physician performed intimal-medial thickness measurement of the common carotid artery and stress echocardiography results in low risk patients evaluated for chest pain in an ED observation unit. Ann Emerg Med. 2007;50:S109.

Blaivas M, Adhikari S, Lyon M. An unseen danger: Frequency of posterior vessel wall penetration by needles during ultrasound guided internal jugular vein central line placement. Ann Emerg Med. 2007;50:S68-69.

Shiver SA, Lyon M, Blaivas M, Adhikari S. A prospective comparison of emergency physician-performed limited venous ultrasound and CT venography of the lower extremity for deep venous thrombosis. Ann Emerg Med. 2007;50:S87.

Blaivas M, Adhikari S. Abstract publication rates as peer reviewed indexed manuscripts: A comparison of emergency ultrasound to EMS and Toxicology. Acad Emerg Med. 2007;14(5):S102.

Adhikari S, Blaivas M, Morrison D. Comparison of infection rates among ultrasound guided versus blindly placed peripheral intravenous lines. Acad Emerg Med. 2007;14(5):S100.

Adhikari S, Blaivas M, Lyon M. Early bedside transvaginal ultrasonography in the diagnosis of Tubo-ovarian abscess in emergency department. J Ultrasound Med. 2006;25(3):S105-106.

Adhikari S, Blaivas M, Lyon M. Diagnosis and management of ectopic pregnancy using bedside transvaginal ultrasonography in the emergency department: a two-year experience. Ann Emerg Med. 2006;48:S86.

Blaivas M, Shiver S, Lyon M, Adhikari S. Can compression of the abdominal aorta really stop blood loss in critical femoral or inguinal penetrating wounds? An
ultrasound evaluation. Ann Emerg Med. 2006;48:S86-87.

Schmier C, Adhikari S, Lomneth C. Focused musculoskeletal ultrasound training: Assessment for tendon lacerations. Acad Emerg Med. 2009;16(4):S139.

Carrie A, Waterbrook A, Shaughnessy-Volquardsen C, McKellar A, Stolz U, Fiorello A. Diagnosis of long bone fractures by ultrasound in the emergency department. Acad Emerg Med. 2011;5(1):S174.

Presentations

Research presentations:

All abstracts listed above have been presented at the national annual meetings.

Fiorello A, Lowry S, Scott C. Ultrasound guided needle drainage versus incision and drainage of skin abscesses (03/2008). Western Regional Society for Academic Emergency Medicine Annual Conference Costa Mesa, California.


Invited Presentations:

Srikar Adhikari, Head and Neck Ultrasound (8/2012).
AIUM Point-of-Care Ultrasound for the Emergency and Critically Ill Patient Course, Las Vegas, NV.

Srikar Adhikari, Ultrasound of soft tissue procedures (8/2012).
AIUM Point-of-Care Ultrasound for the Emergency and Critically Ill Patient Course, Las Vegas, NV.

Srikar Adhikari, Ultrasound assessment of airway anatomy and intubation (3/2012).
American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine Annual Convention, Phoenix, AZ.

Srikar Adhikari, Methods for evaluating learning curves in point of care ultrasound research (3/2012).
American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine Annual Convention, Phoenix, AZ.

Srikar Adhikari, ENT Ultrasound applications (04/2011).
American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine Annual Convention, New York, New York.

Srikar Adhikari, Emergency Ultrasound (05/2010).
University of Missouri-Kansas City, Kansas City, Missouri.

Srikar Adhikari, Masters of Ultrasound: Using Ultrasound for Venous Access & Nerve Blocks (04/2010).
Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia.

Srikar Adhikari, Evaluation of the acutely decompensating patient-Review of published protocols and Symptomatic approach (03/2010).
American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine Annual Convention, San Diego, California.

Srikar Adhikari, Echocardiographic evaluation of acute cardiac conditions responsible for dyspnea (04/2009).
American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine Annual Convention, New York, New York.

Srikar Adhikari, The therapeutic role of ultrasound in extremity trauma (04/2009).
American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine Annual Convention, New York, New York.

Srikar Adhikari, Emergency Ultrasound (05/2008).
Iowa Society of Ultrasound Annual Meeting, Cedar Rapids, Iowa.

Srikar Adhikari, Ultrasound in the pediatric trauma patient (05/2008).
On the Cutting Edge Children’s Hospital Second Annual Trauma Conference, Omaha, Nebraska.

Srikar Adhikari, Use of sonography in diagnosing and treating the patient in cardiopulmonary arrest (03/2008). American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine Annual Convention, San Diego, California.

Fiorello A. The FAST Exam (10/2004). Southwest Regional Trauma Conference, Tucson, AZ.

Fiorello A. Emergency Physician Performed Ultrasound (05/2004). Sells Indian Health Service Hospital, Sells, AZ.

Fiorello A. Use of Ultrasound in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Peritonsillar Abscess (09/2005). American College of Emergency Physicians Scientific Assembly, Washington, DC.

Fiorello A. The FAST Exam (11/2007). Maricopa Medical Center, Phoenix, AZ.

Manuscripts

Refereed, Full-Length, Journal Articles:

Original Research

1. Blaivas M, Shiver S, Lyon M, Adhikari S. Control of hemorrhage in critical femoral or inguinal penetrating wounds–An ultrasound evaluation. Prehosp Disast Med. 2006;21(6):379-382.
2. Blaivas M, Adhikari S. Diagnostic utility of cholescintigraphy in emergency department patients with suspected acute cholecystitis: comparison with bedside RUQ Ultrasonography. J Emerg Med. 2007;33(1):47-52.
3. Adhikari S, Blaivas M, Lyon M. Diagnosis and management of ectopic pregnancy using bedside transvaginal ultrasonography in the ED: a 2-year experience. Am J Emerg Med. 2007;25(6):591-596.
4. Adhikari S, Blaivas M, Lyon M. Role of bedside transvaginal ultrasonography in the diagnosis of Tubo-ovarian abscess in the emergency department. J Emerg Med. 2008;34(4):429-433.
5. Blaivas M, Adhikari S. An unseen danger: frequency of posterior vessel wall penetration by needles during attempts to place internal jugular vein central catheters using ultrasound guidance. Crit Care Med. 2009;37(8):2345-2349.
6. Shiver SA, Lyon M, Blaivas M, Adhikari S. Prospective comparison of emergency physician-performed venous ultrasound and CT venography for deep venous thrombosis. Am J Emerg Med. 2010;28(3):354-358.
7. Adhikari S, Blaivas M. Utility of bedside sonography to distinguish soft tissue abnormalities from joint effusions in the emergency department. J Ultrasound Med. 2010;29(4):519-526.
8. Adhikari S, Blaivas M, Morrison D. Comparison of infection rates among ultrasound guided versus blindly placed peripheral intravenous lines. J Ultrasound Med. 2010;29(5):741-747.
9. Adhikari S, Blaivas M, Lander L. Comparison of bedside ultrasound and panorex radiography in the diagnosis of a dental abscess in the emergency department. Am J Emerg Med. 2011;29(7):790-795.
10. Blaivas M, Adhikari S, Lander L. A prospective comparison of procedural sedation to ultrasound guided interscalene nerve block for shoulder reduction in the emergency department. Acad Emerg Med. 2011;18(9):922-927.
11. Adhikari S, Zeger W, Schmier C, Crum T, Craven A, Frrokaj I, Pang H, Shostrom V. Pilot Study to Determine the Utility of Point-of-care Ultrasound in the Assessment of Difficult Laryngoscopy. Acad Emerg Med. 2011;18(7):754-758.
12. Adhikari S, Blaivas M, Frrokaj I, Shostrom V. Meeting abstracts to published manuscripts:How does emergency ultrasound compare? J Ultrasound Med. 2011;30(9):1275-1279.
13. Brown B, Adhikari S, Marx J, Lander L, Todd, G. Introduction of ultrasound into Gross Anatomy curriculum: Perceptions of medical students. J Emerg Med. 2012;43(6):1098-1102.
14. Waterbrook AL, Adhikari S, Stolz U, Adrion C. The accuracy of point-of-care ultrasound to diagnose long bone fractures in the ED. Am J Emerg Med. 2013;31(9):1352-1356.
15. Adhikari S. High-frequency transducers for point-of-care ultrasound applications: what is the optimal frequency range? Intern Emerg Med. 2014;9(4):463-466.
16. Adhikari S, Morrison D, Lyon M, Zeger W, Krueger A. Utility of point-of-care biliary ultrasound in the evaluation of emergency patients with isolated acute non-traumatic epigastric pain. Intern Emerg Med. 2014;9(5):583-587.
17. Crum T, Adhikari S, Lander L, Blaivas M. Do echo-enhanced needles make a difference in ultrasound guided vascular access? J Ultrasound Med. 2014;33(4):623-628.
18. Adhikari S, Blaivas M, Lyon M, Shiver S. Transfer of real-time ultrasound video of FAST examinations from victims at a simulated disaster scene via a commercially available video cell phone. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2014;29(3):290-293.
19. Adhikari S, Stolz L, Fiorello A, Mosier J, Amini R, Blaivas M, O'Brien K, Gross A. Ability of emergency physicians to accurately identify complex echocardiographic abnormalities: A single institution experience. Am J Emerg Med. 2014;32(4):363-366.
20. Adhikari S, Zeger W, Wadman M, Walker R, Lomneth C. Assessment of a human cadaver model for training emergency medicine residents in the ultrasound diagnosis of pneumothorax. Biomed Res Int. 2014:724050.
21. Amini R, Adhikari S, Fiorello A. Ultrasound competency assessment in emergency medicine residency programs. Acad Emerg Med. 2014;21(7):799-801.
22. Adhikari S, Raio C, Morrison D, Tsung J, Leech S, Meer J, Lyon M, Lopez F, Akhtar S. Do emergency ultrasound fellowship programs impact emergency medicine residents' ultrasound education? J Ultrasound Med. 2014;33(6):999-1004.
23. Adhikari S, Amini R, Stolz L, O'Brien K, Gross A, Jones T, Fiorello A, Keim S. Implementation of a novel point-of-care ultrasound billing and reimbursement program: Fiscal impact. Am J Emerg Med. 2014;32(6):592-595.
24. Mosier JM, Malo J, Stolz LA, Bloom JW, Reyes NA, Snyder LS, Adhikari S. Critical care ultrasound training: A survey of ultrasound fellowship directors. J Crit Care. 2014;29(4):645-649.
25. Adhikari S, Fiorello A. Emergency ultrasound fellowship training: A novel team-based approach. J Ultrasound Med. 2014;33(10):1821-1826.
26. Adhikari S, Mathiasen R. Epidemiology of elevated blood pressure in the emergency depratment. Am J Emerg Med. 2014;32(11):1370-1372.
27. Stolz L, O'Brien KM, Miller ML, Winters-Brown ND, Blaivas M, Adhikari S. A review of lawsuits related to point-of-care emergency ultrasound applications. West J Emerg Med. 2015;16(1):1-4.
28. Adhikari S, Zeger W, Thom C, Fields JM. Isolated deep venous thrombosis: Implications for 2-Ppoint compression ultrasonography of the lower extremity. Ann Emerg Med. 2015;66(3):262-266.
29. Waterbrook AL, Shah A, Jannicky E, Stolz U, Cohen RP, Gross A, Adhikari S. Sonographic inferior vena cava measurements to assess hydration status in college football players during preseason camp. J Ultrasound Med. 2015;34(2):239-245.
30. Stolz LA, Muruganandan KM, Bisanzo MC, Sebikali MJ, Dreifuss BA, Hammerstedt HS, Nelson SW, Nayabale I, Adhikari S, Shah SP. Point-of-care ultrasound education for non-physician clinicians in a resource-limited emergency department. Trop Med Int Health. 2015;20(8):1067-1072.
31. Stolz LA, Stolz U, Howe C, Farrell IJ, Adhikari S. Ultrasound-guided peripheral venous access: A meta-analysis and systematic review. J Vasc Access. 2015;16(4):321-326.
32. Stolz L, Mosier JM, Gross A, Douglas M, Adhikari S. Can emergency physicians perform common carotid Doppler flow measurements to assess volume responsiveness? West J Emerg Med. 2015;16(2):255-259.
33. O'Brien K, Stolz L, Amini R, Gross A, Stolz U, Adhikari S. FAST examination: Re-examining the significance of the left upper quadrant view. J Ultrasound Med. 2015;34(8):1429-1434.
34. Amini R, Stolz L, Patanwala A, Adhikari S. Coronal axis measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter using a linear transducer. J Ultrasound Med. 2015;34(9):1607-1612.
35. Amini R, Stolz LA, Gross A, O'Brien K, Panchal AR, Reilly K, Chan L, Drummond BS, Sanders A, Adhikari S. Theme-based teaching of point-of-care ultrasound in undergraduate medical education. Intern Emerg Med. 2015;10(5):613-618.
36. Adhikari S, Zeger W. Non-thrombotic Abnormalities on Lower Extremity Venous Duplex Ultrasound Examinations: Implications for Point-of-care Compression Ultrasonography. West J Emerg Med. 2015;16(2):250-254.
37. Joshua D, Byron C, Arthur A, Adhikari S, Farrell I, Fields JM. Diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonography in retained soft tissue foreign bodies: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Acad Emerg Med. 2015;22(7):777-787.
38. Jones T, Stea N, Stolz U, Adhikari S. Ultrasound evaluation of saphenous vein for peripheral intravenous cannulation in adults. J Vasc Access. 2015 Sep-Oct;16(5):418-421.
39. Adhikari S, Schmier C, Marx J. Focused simulation training: emergency department nurses' confidence and comfort level in performing ultrasound-guided vascular access. J Vasc Access. 2015;16(6):515-520.
40. Adhikari S, Theodoro D, Raio C, Nelson M, Lyon M, Leech S, Akhtar S, Stolz U. Central venous catheterization: Are we using ultrasound guidance? J Ultrasound Med. 2015;34(11):2065-2070.
41. Amini R, Stolz LA, Hernandez NC, Gaskin K, Baker N, Sanders AB, Adhikari S. Sonography and hypotension: A change to critical problem solving in undergraduate medical education. Adv Med Educ Pract. 2016;7:7-13.
42. Adhikari S, Mathiasen R, Lander L. Elevated blood pressure in the emergency department: lack of adherence to clinical practice guidelines. Blood Press Monit. 2016;21(1):54-8
43. Amini R, Kartchner JZ, Nagdev A, Adhikari S. Ultrasound-guided nerve blocks in emergency medicine practice. J Ultrasound Med. 2016 ;35(4):731-736.
44. Hoyer R, Adhikari S, Amini R. Ultrasound transducer disinfection in emergency medicine practice. Antimicrob Resist Infect Control. 2016;5:12.
45. Amini R, Stolz LA, Kartchner JZ, Thompson M, Stea N, Hawbaker N, Joshi R, Adhikari S. Bedside echo for chest pain: An algorithm for education and assessment. Adv Med Educ Pract. 2016;7:293-300.
46. Stolz LA, Cappa AR, Minckler MR, Stolz U, Wyatt RG, Binger CW, Amini R, Adhikari S. Prospective evaluation of the learning curve for ultrasound-guided peripheral intravenous catheter placement. J Vasc Access. 2016;17(4):366-370.
47. Amini R, Stolz LA, Javedani PP, Gaskin K, Baker N, Ng V, Adhikari S. Point-of-care echocardiography in simulation-based education and assessment. Adv Med Educ Pract. 2016;7:325-328.
48. Gaspari R, Weekes A, Adhikari S, Noble VE, Nomura JT, Theodoro D, Woo M, Atkinson P, Blehar D, Brown SM, Caffery T, Douglass E, Fraser J, Haines C, Lam S, Lanspa M, Lewis M, Liebmann O, Limkakeng A, Lopez F, Platz E, Mendoza M, Minnigan H, Moore C, Novik J, Rang L, Scruggs W, Raio C. Emergency department point-of-care ultrasound in out-of-hospital and in-ED cardiac arrest. Resuscitation. 2016;109:33-39.
49. Amini R, Stolz LA, Breshears E, Patanwala AE, Stea N, Hawbaker N, Thompson M, Sanders AB, Adhikari S. Assessment of ultrasound-guided procedures in preclinical years. 2017;12(7):1025-1031
50. Stolz LA, Stolz U, Fields JM, Saul T, Secko M, Flannigan MJ, Sheele JM, Rifenburg RP, Weekes AJ, Josephson EB, Bedolla J, Resop DM, Dela Cruz J, Boysen-Osborn M, Caffery T, Derr C, Bengiamin R, Chiricolo G, Backlund B, Heer J, Hyde RJ, Adhikari S. Emergency medicine resident assessment of the emergency ultrasound milestones and current training recommendations. Acad Emerg Med. 2017;24(3):353-361.
51. Stolz L, Valenzuela J, Situ-LaCasse E, Stolz U, Hawbaker N, Thompson M, Adhikari S. Clinical and historical features of emergency department patients with pericardial effusions. World J Emerg Med. 2017;8(1):29-33.
52. Amini R, Wyman MT, Hernandez NC, Guisto JA, Adhikari S. Use of Emergency ultrasound in Arizona community emergency departments. J Ultrasound Med. 2017;36(5):913-921.
53. Amini R, Wang JB, Trueger NS, Hoyer R, Adhikari S. Use of Social Media in Emergency Ultrasound Fellowship Programs. AEM Educ Train. 2017;1(1):27-33.
54. Fields MJ, Davis J, Alsup C, Bates A, Au A, Adhikari S, Farrell I. Accuracy of point of care ultrasonography for diagnosing acute appendicitis: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Acad Emerg Med. 2017;24(9):1124-1136.
55. Flannigan M, Adhikari S. Point-of-care ultrasound workflow innovation: Impact on documentation and billing. J Ultrasound Med. 2017;36(12):2467-2474.
56. Parikh T, Czuzak M, Bui N, Wildner C, Koch B, Leko E, Rappaport W, Adhikari S, Gordon P, Gura M, Ellis S. Novel use of ultrasound to teach reproductive system physical examination skills and pelvic anatomy. J Ultrasound Med. 2018;37(3):709-715.
57. Gaspari R, Weekes A, Adhikari S, Noble V, Nomura JT, Theodoro D, Woo M, Atkinson P, Blehar D, Brown S, Caffery T, Douglass E, Fraser J, Haines C, Lam S, Lanspa M, Lewis M, Liebmann O, Limkakeng A, Lopez F, Platz E, Mendoza M, Minnigan H, Moore C, Novik J, Rang L, Scruggs W, Raio C. A retrospective study of pulseless electrical activity, bedside ultrasound identifies interventions during resuscitation associated with improved survival to hospital admission. A REASON Study. Resuscitation. 2017;120:103-107.
58. Stolz LA, Acuna JG, Gaskin K, Murphy AM, Friedman L, Stears-Ellis S, Javedani P, Stolz U, Adhikari S. Echogenicity and ultrasound visibility of peripheral nerves of the upper extremity. Med Ultrason. 2018;20(2):199-204.
59. Baker N, Amini R, Situ-LaCasse EH, Acuña J, Nuño T, Stolz U, Adhikari S. Can emergency physicians accurately distinguish retinal detachment from posterior vitreous detachment with point-of-care ocular ultrasound? Am J Emerg Med. 2018;36(5):774-776.
60. Situ-LaCasse E, Grieger R, Crabbe SJ, Waterbrook Anna, Friedman L, Adhikari S. Utility of Point-of-care Musculoskeletal Ultrasound in the Evaluation of Emergency Department Musculoskeletal Pathology. World J Emerg Med. Accepted March 2018.

Review Articles

1. Adhikari S, Blaivas M. Sonography first for subcutaneous abscess and cellulitis evaluation. J Ultrasound Med. 2012;31(10):1509-1512.
2. Nelson M, Abdi A, Adhikari S, Boniface M, Bramante RM, Egan DJ, Matthew Fields J, Leo MM, Liteplo AS, Liu R, Nomura JT, Pigott DC, Raio CC, Ruskis J, Strony R, Thom C, Lewiss RE. Goal-directed focused ultrasound milestones revised: A multiorganizational consensus. Acad Emerg Med. 2016;23(11):1274-1279.
3. ACEP Emergency Ultrasound Section Writing Committee. Ultrasound guidelines: emergency, point-of-care and clinical ultrasound guidelines in medicine. Ann Emerg Med. 2017;69(5):e27-e54.
4. Needleman L, Cronan JJ, Lilly MP, Merli GJ, Adhikari S, Hertzberg BS, DeJong MR, Streiff MB, Meissner MH. Ultrasound for Lower Extremity Deep Venous Thrombosis: Multidisciplinary Recommendations From the Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound Consensus Conference. Circulation. 2018;137(14):1505-1515.
5. Kummer T, Oh L, Phelan MB, Huang RD, Nomura JT, Adhikari S. Emergency and critical care applications for contrast-enhanced ultrasound. Am J Emerg Med. 2018;36(7):1287-1294.

Other Refereed Journal Articles

1. Blaivas M, Adhikari S. Unexpected findings on point-of-care superficial ultrasound prior to incision and drainage. J Ultrasound Med. 2011;30(10):1425-1430.
2. Blaivas M, Adhikari S. Bedside trans-oral ultrasound guided drainage of a retropharyngeal abscess in the emergency department. Ann Emerg Med. 2011;58(5):497-498.
3. Adhikari S, Marx J, Crum T. Point-of-care ultrasound diagnosis of acute Achilles tendon rupture in the emergency department. Am J Emerg Med. 2012;30(4):634.
4. Adhikari S. Point-of-care ultrasound diagnosis of peripheral vein septic thrombophlebitis in the emergency department. J Emerg Med. 2013;44(1):183-184.
5. Adhikari S, Marx J. Point-of-care ultrasound diagnosis of a ruptured live ectopic pregnancy with massive hemoperitoneum. J Emerg Med. 2013;44(1):194-196.
6. Amini R, Panchal AR, Bahner D, Adhikari S. Half-dose alteplase for sub-massive pulmonary embolism directed by emergency department point-of-care ultrasound. West J Emerg Med. 2015;16(1):181-183.
7. Amini R, Kartchner JZ, Stolz LA, Biffar D, Hamilton AJ, Adhikari S. A novel and inexpensive ballistic gel phantom for ultrasound training. World J Emerg Med. 2015;6(3):225-228.
8. Lewiss RE, Adhikari S, Carmody K, Fields JM, Hunt P, Liteplo AS, Nagdev A, Raio C, Gaspari R. The Society of Clinical Ultrasound Fellowships: An innovation in the point of care ultrasound fellowship application process. Am J Emerg Med. 2016;34(7):1303-1305.
9. Amini R, Patricia Javedani P, Amini A, Adhikari S. Ultrasound-guided forearm nerve blocks: A novel application for pain control in adult patients with digit injuries. Case Rep Emerg Med. 2016;2016:2518596.
10. Gaspari R, Weekes A, Adhikari S, Noble VE, Nomura JT, Theodoro D, Woo M, Atkinson P, Blehar D, Brown SM, Caffery T, Douglass E, Fraser J, Haines C, Lam S, Lanspa M, Lewis M, Liebmann O, Limkakeng A, Lopez F, Platz E, Mendoza M, Minnigan H, Moore C, Novik J, Rang L, Scruggs W, Raio C. Reply to letter: Letter to the editor regarding Gaspari and colleague's "Emergency department point-of-care ultrasound in out-of-hospital and in-ED cardiac arrest". Resuscitation. 2017;114:e7-e8.
11. Amini R, Stolz L, Patanwala A, Adhikari S. Reply. J Ultrasound Med. 2017;36(5):1073-1074.
12. Mohty KM, Cravens MG, Adamas-Rappaport WJ, Amini-Shervin B, Irving SC, Stea N, Adhikari S, Amini R. Cadaver-based necrotizing fasciitis model for medical raining. Cureus. 2017;9(4):e1168.
13. Amini R, Patanwala AE, Adhikari S. The Risks and Benefits of Treating Isolated Calf Deep Vein Thrombosis: Terms To Discuss With Your Patient. JAMA Surg. 2017;152(6):605-606.
14. Stolz LA, Amini R, Situ-LaCasse EH, Shareef F, Reed HA, Adhikari S. Cervical Funneling: Potential Pitfall of Point-of-Care Pelvic Ultrasound. Cureus. 2017;9(9):e1649.
15. Jamplis RP, Friedman L, Adhikari S. Point of Care Ultrasound Diagnosis of Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding. Cureus. 2017;9(12):e1956.
16. Lema P, Mantuani D, Nagdev A, Adhikari S. Asteroid hyalosis masquerading as vitreous hemorrhage on point-of-care ultrasound. J Ultrasound Med. 2018;37(1):281-284.
17. Acuña J, Rukh S, Adhikari S. Point-of-care ultrasound identification of yolk stalk sign in a case of failed first trimester pregnancy. World J Emerg Med. 2018;9(2):149-151.
18. Situ-LaCasse E, Theodoro D, Fields JM, Kang T, Liu R, Bailitz J, Tayal V, Blaivas M, Adhikari S. Re: Downstream Imaging Utilization After Emergency Department Ultrasound Interpreted by Radiologists Versus Nonradiologists: A Medicare Claims-Based Study. J Am Coll Radiol. 2018 Feb;15(2):235-236.
19. Amini R, Baker N, Woolridge D, Echeverria A, Amini A, Adhikari S. Emergency department diagnosis of an ovarian inguinal hernia in an 11-year-old female using point-of-care ultrasound. World J Emerg Med. Accepted March 2018.
20. Baker N, Amini R, Situ-LaCasse EH, Acuña J, Nuño T, Stolz U, Adhikari S. Response to letter. Am J Emerg Med. Accepted May 2018.
21. Liu R, Theodoro, D, Fields JM, Adhikari S, Noble V, Tayal V. Do emergency physicians rely on point-of-care ultrasound for clinical decision making without additional confirmatory testing? J Clin Ultrasound. Accepted July 2018
22. Au A, Adhikari S, Slovis B, Sachs P, Lewis RE. Hospital information technology is critical to the success of a point of care ultrasound program. Am J Emerg Med. Accepted August 2018.


Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles:

1. Amini R, Adhikari S, Blaivas M. Cutaneous abscesses: Current review of microbiology, sonographic diagnosis, and management. CML-dermatology. 2013;18(1):1-9.
2. Marx J, Adhikari S, Blaivas M. Airway and thoracic ultrasound. Ultrasound Clinics. 2014;9(2):211-216.
3. Adhikari S, Blaivas M. History, progress, and future of emergency ultrasound. Ultrasound Clinics. 2014;9(2):119-121.
4. Mosier J, Stolz L, Bloom J, Malo J, Snyder L, Fiorello A, Adhikari S. Resuscitative echocardiography for the evaluation and management of shock: The RECES protocol. Southwest J Pulm Crit Care. 2014;8(2):110-125.
5. Adhikari S, Stolz L, Amini R, Blaivas M. Impact of point-of-care ultrasound on quality of are in clinical practice. Reports in Medical Imaging. 2014;7:81-93.